China has a policy called the one-child policy. The policy is that urban couples are restricted to only one child. There are exceptions as well such as, a second child is allowed if the first child is a girl or disabled and ethnic minorities (Wikipedia, 2014). Another exception is if either parent doesn’t have any siblings. The policy has relaxed since 2013.
There are arguments against and in favor of the one-child policy. The arguments in favor of the policy say that it was created by the Chinese government to help social, economic, and environmental problems (Torrent, 2014). Other pros are that it lowered the fertility rate, government could focus on helping poverty, and public support. Arguments that are against the one-child policy are human violations, forced abortions, unequal enforcement, and birth tourism (Torrent, 2014). There are obviously more cons to the one-child policy.
The purpose of China’s one-child policy was to limit the great majority of family units, and reduce the growth rate of China’s huge population. Having the policy definitely decreased the fertility rate which was the purpose of the policy. The policy has dropped the death rate and increased the life expectancy rate (Fletcher, 2014). Overall, China’s natural increase has declined. I understand the policy but killing children is wrong.
Encyclopedia Britannica (2014). One-Child Policy. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1710568/one-child-policy
Near Wonders (2014). China. Retrieved from http://nearwonders.com/china/
United Explanations (2014). One-child Policy in China: Pros and Cons. Retrieved from http://www.unitedexplanations.org/blogs/china/2012/08/28/one-child-policy-in-china-pros-and-cons/
Wikipedia (2014). One-Child Policy. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One-child_policy
Aging population present a serious problem in the developed world. Problems such as basics of economics, supply and demand, elderly require higher levels of medical care, and also more elderly (Yahoo Canada Answers, 2014). There will be fewer younger individuals paying the governmental system. There will be even more stress on the government. The birth rate has decreased a lot since the baby boom.
Ultimately, the economic system wants to be maintained. The solution for that is higher fertility rates. Population aging has been slow because of the large baby boom in previous years. The importance of policy adaptations is crucial (Population Aging, 2014). Developed countries are going to have to face having later retirement for production to stay the same.
There are opportunities that come with an aging population. Such as, baby boomers getting a chance for a second career, and new jobs (An Aging Population, 2014). There are many jobs that will benefit from aging population! These jobs are healthcare/patient advocate, fitness trainer, Personal health care aide, audiologist, senior move manager etc. Population is growing old.
FAO (2014). Population Ageing in Developed Countries: How Urgent are the Issues? Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/sd/2001/pe0403a_en.htm
Forbes (2014). An Aging Population Means New Jobs. Retrieved from. www.forbes.com/sites/kerryhannon/2011/09/26/an-aging-population-means-new-jobs/5/om http:/
PGDA (2014). Population Aging: Facts, Challenges and Responses. Retrieved from http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/pgda/WorkingPapers/2011/PGDA_WP_71.pdf
Sunrise (2014). World Problem. Retrieved from http://www.sunrisepage.com/mind/worldproblems/wpaging.htm
WordPress (2014). The Market Place. Retrieved from http://lisamarierobinson.wordpress.com/marketing-basics/
Yahoo Canada Answers (2014). Aging Population. Retrieved from http://ca.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20110614182916AA1JHhs