China’s One-Child Policy

China has a policy called the one-child policy. The policy is that urban couples are restricted to only one child. There are exceptions as well such as, a second child is allowed if the first child is a girl or disabled and ethnic minorities (Wikipedia, 2014). Another exception is if either parent doesn’t have any siblings. The policy has relaxed since 2013.

There are arguments against and in favor of the one-child policy. The arguments in favor of the policy say that it was created by the Chinese government to help social, economic, and environmental problems (Torrent, 2014). Other pros are that it lowered the fertility rate, government could focus on helping poverty, and public support. Arguments that are against the one-child policy are human violations, forced abortions, unequal enforcement, and birth tourism (Torrent, 2014). There are obviously more cons to the one-child policy.

The purpose of China’s one-child policy was to limit the great majority of family units, and reduce the growth rate of China’s huge population. Having the policy definitely decreased the fertility rate which was the purpose of the policy. The policy has dropped the death rate and increased the life expectancy rate (Fletcher, 2014). Overall, China’s natural increase has declined. I understand the policy but killing children is wrong.

Encyclopedia Britannica (2014). One-Child Policy. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1710568/one-child-policy

Near Wonders (2014). China. Retrieved from http://nearwonders.com/china/

United Explanations (2014). One-child Policy in China: Pros and Cons. Retrieved from http://www.unitedexplanations.org/blogs/china/2012/08/28/one-child-policy-in-china-pros-and-cons/

Wikipedia (2014). One-Child Policy. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One-child_policy

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